Autism spectrum disorder is a complex condition affecting the brain’s development which affects how an individual interacts and perceives with others, leading to problems in communication and social interaction. The disorder also contains very limited and repetitive patterns of behaviour. It is believed that autism is caused by neurological problems. The symptoms of autism vary greatly and depend on a number of factors. The most common symptoms of autism include communication problems, motor skills and attention span, emotional disturbance, physical abnormalities and limited self-directed or self-contained lives.
Communication problems seen in autism spectrum disorder may be due to difficulties with speech or swallowing and may make communicating with others an issue. This problem can be extreme in some cases where some individuals cannot speak or do not speak at all. Other symptoms are hand flapping, head banging and facial expression. Autism is diagnosed when a series of tests to verify these symptoms.
Motor activities or gait disturbances seen in autism are often due to restricted or no self-motion, and this creates motor delays and awkwardness in walking, affecting both walking and the use of language. This type of motor deficit has also been linked to making eye contact. Repetitive behavior is another characteristic of autism that affects both spoken and non-spoken language. Abnormalities in body language such as crossing the legs or excessive pointing are also observed.
Socially, people with autism are often very shy and suffer from low self-esteem. They are not able to maintain eye contact and often have an intense interest in one topic and a lack of interest in others. There is a great need for sociability in autism patients because they lack the ability to form and maintain friendships. Examples of this type of behavioral trait are repetitive movements, rocking motions or eye fixation.
Aggressive behavior is one of the most common characteristics of autism spectrum disorder. It is also one of the hardest behaviors to deal with because autistic people have difficulty expressing their feelings and expressing emotion in many different ways. Their aggressive behavior is usually directed at other children or to limited peers. Typical examples of aggressive behavior include banging a toy truck or pushing a child in a wheelchair.
Not every child with autism spectrum disorder will exhibit all or some of the characteristics. Usually, several of the signs will be present and the severity of the symptoms will vary. Some of the common signs of autism may include: constant tantrums, constant smiling, unable to sleep, not speaking, not showing any reaction to stressful situations and not responding to any form of affection. These are just some examples.
Experts also note that babies who are suffering from autism may demonstrate certain signs even before they reach 12 months of age. Such signs include using repetitive sounds, pointing to objects or people, not communicating when picked up or reaching for things, repeating stories or nursery rhymes, repeating the same greetings often and responding to spoken words or phrases. Another symptom is that they will often stare at something. Within babies, this may be due to curiosity or because they are exploring the world.
Children with autism can be difficult to handle. This is why it is important for parents to become familiar with the various signs of autism spectrum disorder in order to help them deal with the problems associated with their child. If nothing is done, these children may never learn to function in society and may become a burden on their families. Early intervention is a great way to help these children function well in society. There are a number of signs of autism that parents should be familiar with.